Isfahan (Esfahan) is one of the major metropolitan cities in Iran which despite being surrounded by regions with desert climate from the east and mountainous region of Zagros range from the west, enjoys an amazing weather.
Located more than 400 kilometers from Tehran, capital of Iran, Isfahan is the third largest city in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad.
Isfahan is home to many historical sites, museums and being a capital city back in late 16th century, there are many palaces and political heritages to this city. The Persian-Islamic architecture of the city is globally recognized and it is perfected in Isfahan.
Isfahan is home to many valuable archaeological centers and is famously known to be the heart of Persian arts, economy, science, industry, commerce and tourism.
Being a strategic axis on the way of Silk Road, it inherited is heritage of ancient art, commerce and industries from thousands of years of international traffic. Iron and steel foundry, automotive, military, aircraft and installations, refinery, polyacryl, and many factories such as ceramic, tile making, stone, mine and stone cutting, textile, etc shape the industries of the city.
Handicrafts are considered as lighter industries but are taken very seriously in Isfahan and carries a great part of the province's economy; they are also very popular among tourist.
Isfahan has always been home to people of different religions such as Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrian.
If you know a little Persian (Farsi) listen carefully to Isfahanis’ accent when they speak. Their accent is distinct in Iran for its unique intonation.
Having said all of that, it makes sense why Persians have a proverb to describe Isfahan reading: "Esfahān nesf-e- jahan ast" translating: Isfahan is half of the world.