Shiraz is one of the largest cities in Iran and the most significant city at the center of Fars Province with the altitude of 1486 meters above the sea level, which is located in the Zagros mountainous area. Shiraz name has been mentioned in Achaemenid inscriptions of Persepolis.
This city has been known as the most significant destination of tourists. The city is known to be the culture and literature capital of the country. It is the second literary city in the world, third religious city in Iran and is known as the city of poetry and flower.
Tombs of renowned poets like Hafez and Sa’adi are in Shiraz and are like meeting place for people to gather and read poetry. Shiraz is home to Persia’s ancient history, cultural developments and natural attractions and attract many tourists to itself.
The nomadic such as Ghashghaei who live in this area, specially the farmers made most of the social and economic construction of this city by locating the central zone of southern Zagros and in a partly fertile area for good exchange.
The city also has been located on the way of the commercial roads to southern ports such as Bushehr but this role faded by establishing the railway network to other ports of Iran. Administrative and military center has been the other reasons of this city’s flourishing economy. The city’s economy depends on industries, many significant factories, agriculture and magnificent handicrafts. Shirazi people speak Persian (Farsi) in Shirazi dialect.