A Trip to History
Tchogha Zanbil historical site, is an ancient city that has been established by Elamite Kingdom in the 13th century BC. This city was composed of different parts such as ziggurat, barriers, entrance gates, temples, houses, palaces, swage system and had 3 exterior, central and interior barriers.
The holiest part of the city, Ziggurat (an Akkadian word to call multistory temples in Elam and Mesopotamia), an ancient place to practice faiths which is located on a hill in the Dez river bank.
Tchogha Zanbil Ziggurat, the first religious building in Iran, was constructed in 5 floors as tall as 52 meters. Unfortunately, only two floors and half of the 5 stories are left and the rest are ruined during the long time of history.
The fifth floor, which was the top floor of this temple was only used by the priest and the royal family; it was also the specific place of Susa’s special God. This building was constructed by adobe and brick and was gifted to Elamite deities.
Similar inscriptions are visibly carved in cuneiform on the walls of the building. The inscriptions include the King’s name, his purpose to construct the temple.
The building was buried under the ground like a converse basket for a few centuries; it was discovered and excavated by French Roman Girshman only at the time of Pahlavi II reign.