Naqsh-e Jahan Square
A Structure that Reflect an Image of the World
Best time to goEvery day
Historical square of Naqsh-e Jahan (literally translating "Image of the World Square”) is one of the largest, most beautiful and magnificent squares in the world. It was built in a garden named Naqsh-e Jahan (dating back to the Seljuk era) in a rectangle area by order of the first Shah Abbas Safavid during his lifetime.
The square is the second largest square in Isfahani architecture method during built in the Islamic era.
Four valuable architectural elements namely, Imam historical mosque on the south, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque on the east, Aali Qapu Palace on the west, and Qeysarieh Gate on the north of the square were built by Shah’s order on the 4 sides of this place and each one of them are unrivaled masterpiece in their kinds. The square had a variety of functions in different eras.
The establishment of the Royal Palace (a place for cultural and formal ceremonies, military marches, convicts’ retribution, etc) is one of the political functions of the square. Serving as the location of two mosques (a place for ceremonies and rituals, the venue for prayers in case of over-population of the mosques) gave it a religious function.
Location of shops in the heart of bazaar gives the sqaure a commercial function. Fireworks, polo, Qapun Andazi “mounted shooting”, Shater Davani, nationla celebrations and holidays, performance, puppetry, storytellers and acrobatics were among activities that gave the square its entertaining function.